An over-the-counter smoking cessation aid used to control nicotine withdrawal symptoms and cravings associated with quitting smoking.
Nicotine chewing gum is used to help people stop smoking cigarettes. Nicotine chewing gum should be used together with a smoking cessation program, which may include support groups, counseling, or specific behavioral change techniques. Nicotine gum is in a class of medications called smoking cessation aids. It works by providing nicotine to your body to decrease the withdrawal symptoms experienced when smoking is stopped and as a substitute oral activity to reduce the urge to smoke.
Direction of Usage:
- If you smoke your first cigarette more than 30 minutes after waking up, use the 2-mg gum. People who smoke their first cigarette within 30 minutes of waking up should use the 4-mg gum. Nicotine gum may be used regularly by chewing one piece of gum every 1 to 2 hours for the first 6 weeks, followed by one piece every 2 to 4 hours for 3 weeks, and then one piece every 4 to 8 hours for 3 weeks. If you have strong or frequent cravings, you may chew a second piece within one hour. To improve your chances of quitting smoking, chew at least 9 pieces of nicotine gum each day for the first 6 weeks.
- Chew nicotine gum slowly until you can taste the nicotine or feel a slight tingling in your mouth. Then stop chewing and place (park) the chewing gum between your cheek and gum. When the tingling is almost gone (about 1 minute), start chewing again; repeat this procedure for about 30 minutes. Avoid eating and drinking for 15 minutes before and during chewing of nicotine gum.
- Do not chew nicotine gum too fast, do not chew more than one piece of gum at a time, and do not chew one piece too soon after another. Chewing one piece of gum after another continuously may cause hiccups, heartburn, nausea, or other side effects.
- Do not chew more than 24 pieces a day.
- You should stop using nicotine gum after 12 weeks of use. If you still feel the need to use nicotine gum after 12 weeks, talk to your doctor.
In addition to the active contains chewing gum base, xylitol, peppermint oil, sodium carbonate anhydrous, acesulfame potassium, levomenthol, magnesium oxide light, acacia, titanium dioxide, carnauba wax, tutti-frutti flavor, hypromellose, sucralose, and polysorbate 80.
- If you experience any of the following symptoms, stop using nicotine gum and call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical treatment:
- mouth, tooth, or jaw problems
- fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat
- difficulty breathing
- blisters in the mouth
- Nicotine gum may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.